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中国茶文化英语作文

来源:英文句子 时间:2018-09-26 08:30:46 点击: 推荐访问:介绍茶文化的英语作文 关于茶文化的英语作文

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中国茶文化英语作文篇一

中国茶文化英文介绍

中国茶文化英文介绍

The Chinese people, in their drinking of tea, place much significance on the act of "savoring.""Savoring tea" is not only a way to discern good tea from mediocre tea, but also how people take delight in their reverie and in tea-drinking itself. Snatching a bit of leisure from a busy schedule, making a kettle of strong tea, securing a serene space, and serving and drinking tea by yourself can help banish fatigue and frustration, improve your thinking ability and inspire you with enthusiasm. You may also imbibe it slowly in small sips to appreciate the subtle allure of tea-drinking, until your spirits soar up and up into a sublime aesthetic realm. Buildings, gardens, ornaments and tea sets are the elements that form the ambience for savoring tea. A tranquil, refreshing, comfortable and neat

locale is certainly desirable for drinking tea. Chinese gardens are well known in the world and beautiful Chinese landscapes are too numerous to count. Teahouses tucked away in gardens and nestled beside the natural beauty of mountains and rivers are enchanting places of repose for people to rest and recreate themselves.

China is a country with a time-honored civilization and a land of ceremony and decorum. Whenever guests visit, it is necessary to make and serve tea to them. Before serving tea, you may ask them for their preferences as to what kind of tea they fancy and serve them the tea in the most appropriate teacups. In the course of serving tea, the host should take careful note of how much water is remaining in the cups and in the kettle. Usually, if the tea is made in a teacup, boiling water should be added after half of the cup has been consumed; and thus the cup is kept filled so that the tea retains the same bouquet and remains pleasantly warm throughout the entire course of tea-drinking.

Snacks, sweets and other dishes may be served at tea time to complement the fragrance of the tea and to allay one’s hunger.

参考译文:

中国人饮茶, 注重一个"品"字。"品茶"不但是鉴别茶的优劣,也带有神思遐想和领略饮茶情趣之意。在百忙之中泡上一壶浓茶,择雅静之处,自斟自饮,可以消除疲劳、涤烦益思、振奋精神,也可以细啜慢饮,达到美的享受,使精神世界升华到高尚的艺术境界。品茶的环境一般由建筑物、园林、摆设、茶具等因素组成。饮茶要求安静、清新、舒适、干净。中国园林世界闻名,山水风景更是不可胜数。利用园林或自然山水间,搭设茶室,让人们小憩,意趣盎然。

中国是文明古国,礼仪之邦,很重礼节。凡来了客人,沏茶、敬茶的礼仪是必不可少的。当有客来访,可征求意见,选用最合来客口味的茶叶和最佳茶具待客。主人在陪伴客人饮茶时,要注意客人杯、壶中的茶水残留量,一般用茶杯泡茶,如已喝去一半,就要添

加开水,随喝随添,使茶水浓度基本保持前后一致,水温适宜。在饮茶时也可适当佐以茶食、糖果、菜肴等,达到调节口味和点心之功效。

注释:

1.神思遐想:reverie。

2.领略饮茶情趣:take delight in tea-drinking。

3.在百忙之中泡上一壶浓茶……:这个句子较长,译者根据其意思的层次,把它分成了两个完整的句子来翻译,这样就有较大的自由度来遣词造句。

4.择静雅之处:securing a serene space。

5.细啜慢饮:imbibe slowly in small sips。

6.达到美的享受:即"享受到饮茶之美"。allure这里是名词,意为"迷人之处",也可用beauty。

7.使精神世界升华到高尚的艺术境界:until your spirits soar up and up into a sublime aesthetic realm。

8.利用园林或自然山水间,搭设茶室:翻译时用了tucked away和nestled,比用built要形象、优美得多。

9.让人们小憩,意趣盎然:意思是"(茶室)是让人们休息、娱乐的迷人场所。"{中国茶文化英语作文}.

10.礼仪之邦:即是"一个很讲究礼仪的地方","很重礼节"为重复,不译。

11.当有客来访:是"凡来了客人"的重复,可不译。根据下文的内容,加上before serving tea,使上下衔接贴切自然。

12.征求意见,选用最合来客口味的茶叶和最佳茶具待客:可理解为"询问来客他们最喜欢什么茶叶,然后用最合适的茶具给客人敬茶"。

13.主人在陪伴客人饮茶时:译为in the course of serving tea,与前面before serving tea相呼应。

14.主人在陪伴客人饮茶时……水温适宜:这句话较长,译者同样根据其意思的层次,把它分成了两个完整的句子来翻译。

15.随喝随添:and thus the cup is kept filled或者and in this way the cup is kept filled。

16.茶食:意思为"点心、小吃"。

17.达到调节口味和点心之功效:"点心"为方言"点饥、充饥"的意思。

The introduction of Chinese tea The practice of drinking tea has had a long history in China,having originated from there.The Chinese drink tea during many parts of the day such as at meals for good health or simply for pleasure.Although tea originates from

China,Chinese tea generally represent tea leaves which have been processed using methods inherited from ancient China.According to popular legend,tea was discovered by Chinese Emperor Shennong in 2737 BCE when a leaf from a Camellia sinensis tree fell into water the emperor was boiling.Tea is deeply woven into the history and culture of China.The beverage is

considered one of the seven necessities of Chinese life,along with

firewood,rice,oil,salt,sauce[clarification needed] and vinegar.

Some writers classify tea into four categories,white,green,oolong and

black.Others add categories for red,scented and compressed teas.All of these come from varieties of the Camellia sinensis plant.Chinese flower tea (花

茶),while popular,is not a true tea.Most Chinese tea is consumed in China and is not exported.Green tea is the most popular type of tea used in China. Within these main categories of tea are vast varieties of individual

beverages.Some researchers have counted more than 700.Others put the number at more than 1,000.Some of the variations are due to different strains of the Camilla plant.The popular Tie Guan Yin 铁观音,for example,is traced back to a single plant discovered in Anxi 安溪 in the Fujian province.Other teas draw some of their characteristics from local growing

{中国茶文化英语作文}.

conditions.However,the largest factor in the wide variations comes from differences in tea processing after the tea leaves are harvested.White and green teas are heat treated (shāqīng (杀青)) soon after picking to prevent oxidization,often called fermentation,caused by natural enzymes in the leaves.Oolong teas are partially oxidized.Black and red teas are fully

oxidized.Other differences come from variations in the processing steps.

The Origins of Tea{中国茶文化英语作文}.

While references to tea in Chinese literature go back approximately 5,000 years, the origin of tea's use as a beverage is unclear.

Ancient folklore places the creation of the brew at 2737 BC, when a camellia blossom drifted into a cup of boiled drinking water belonging to Emperor Shen Nung. However, most scholars credit a reference found in Erh Ya, an ancient Chinese dictionary, dated about 350 BC.

Originally, tea was valued for its medicinal qualities. It has long been known that tea aids in digestion, which is why many Chinese prefer to consume it after their meal. (Another interesting side effect for smokers is that tea hastens the discharge of nicotine from the body). The

elevation of tea drinking to an art form began in the 8th century, with the publication of Lu Yu's "The Classic Art of Tea." The highly esteemed poet and former Buddhist priest had strict notions about the proper procedure for brewing, steeping, and serving tea. For example, only water from a slow-moving stream was acceptable, and the tea leaves had to be placed in a porcelain cup. The

perfect milieu for enjoying the finished product was in a pavilion next to a water lily pond, preferably in the company of a desirable woman.

(To be fair, his work also contained several practical tips for manufacturing tea, many of which are still in use today).

In the centuries following the publication of Yu's work, tea's popularity spread rapidly throughout China. Not only did tea drinking become a fitting subject for books and poems; Emperors bestowed gifts of tea upon grateful recipients. Later, teahouses began dotting the landscape. While the Chinese have never developed a ritualistic

ceremony surrounding tea drinking resembling the Japanese tea ceremony, they have a healthy respect for its role in their daily lives.

Types of Tea

Tea aficionados are often surprised to learn that all tea comes from the same source: the Camilla Sinensis bush. While there are hundreds are varieties of Chinese teas, most fall into four basic categories. Reputed to provide the most health benefits, white tea is made from immature tea leaves that are picked shortly before the buds have fully opened. Green teasare not fermented during{中国茶文化英语作文}.

processing, and thus retain the original color of the tea leaves. The most famous green tea is the expensive Dragon Well tea, grown in the hillsides of Hanghou. Also known as "red tea," black teas are made from fermented leaves, which accounts for their darker color. Popular varieties of black tea include Bo lei, a Cantonese tea often drunk with dim sum, and luk on - a milder tea favored by the elderly. Finally, oolong teas are partially fermented, resulting in a black-green tea. Examples of oolong tea include Soi sin, a bitter tasting brew cultivated in the Fukien province.

There is also a fourth category known as "scented teas," made by mixing various flowers and petals with green or oolong teas. The best known among these is jasmine tea. And white tea, made with unripened tea leaves that are still covered with a downy, silvery fuzz, is becoming quite popular.

中国茶文化英语作文篇二

中国茶文化英语演讲稿

Chinese Tea Culture中国的茶文化

Ladies and Gentlemen:

It’s my honor to stand here and make a speech. My topic is “Chinese Tea Culture”.这是我的荣幸站在这里做一个演讲。我的主题是“中国茶文化”。

Do you know the name of the three most famous drinks in the world? They are tea , coffee and cocoa. China is the homeland of tea which has become the national drink. Referring to Chinese tea culture, it has several thousand years of history and can be traced back to the ancient times. Then it was flourished in the Tang dynasty and the Song dynasty.你知道这世界上最著名的三种饮料的名字吗?他们是茶,咖啡和可可。中国是茶的故乡。关于中国茶文化,它有几千年的历史,可以追溯到古代。然后是盛行于唐代和宋代。

In china, the main varieties of tea are green tea, black tea, Oolong tea, scented tea, white tea, yellow tea and dark tea.we make different tea in different particular ways. Over the centuries, China developed an extraordinary tea culture, comparable with the wine culture of the West. 在中国,主要品种的茶是绿茶、红茶、乌龙茶、花茶、白茶、黄茶和黑茶。我们可以用不同的方式制作不同的茶。在过去的几个世纪里,中国拥有了一个非凡的茶文化,类似与西方的酒文化。

Tea not only has a good flavor but also benefit to our body, so it is loved by many people home and abroad. Different kinds of tea have different function which makes a contribution to our health. For example, the national drink of China-green tea, can dispel the effects of alcohol, refresh yourself and whiten your skin. The second largest kind of tea-black tea, can warm your stomach, be good for your heart and make your bones stronger. Dark tea can refresh you in the morning, reduce your blood press and help lose weight. Oolong Tea is good for your body building and dieting. In all, tea have great medicinal value, anti-cancer, lowering blood pressure, improving eyesight and restraining disease, reducing stress and so on.茶不仅具有良好的风味,也有利于我们的身体,因此,在国内外被很多人喜爱。不同的茶有不同的功能,为我们的健康做贡献。例如,绿茶,可以解酒,清热,调节自己和美白皮肤。第二大种类黑茶,能温暖你的胃,可以有利于你的心,使你的骨骼更强壮。黑茶可以使你在早上更有活力,降低血压和减肥。乌龙茶茶对你的身体成长和节食有好处。总之,茶有很大的药用价值、抗癌、降低血压,改善视力和抑制疾病,减少压力等等。

{中国茶文化英语作文}.

Tea culture and its development reflect not only diet culture, but also Chinese spiritual features.Tea culture plays an indispensable role in promoting the international cultural

exchange between China and other countries, enriching Chinese cultural life and promoting Chinese spiritual civilization construction. 茶文化及其发展不仅反映了饮食文化,而且代表中国的精神。茶文化扮演不可或缺的角色在促进中国和其他国家之间的国际文化交流,丰富中国文化生活和促进精神文明建设。

In conclusion, tea culture is one of the essences of Chinese culture in the history. The spirit of tea permeates the court and society, into the Chinese poetry, painting, calligraphy, religion, medicine. For thousands of years China has not only accumulated a great deal about tea cultivation, production of material culture, but also accumulated rich spirit of the tea culture, which is unique to China's tea culture.总之,茶文化是中国文化历史的精髓之一。茶的精神渗透了宫廷和社会,为中国诗歌、绘画、书法、宗教、医学。几千年来中国不但积累了大量关于茶叶种植、生产的物质文化,但也积累了丰富的茶文化的精神,这是中国茶文化所特有的。{中国茶文化英语作文}.

Thank you!谢谢你们!

中国茶文化英语作文篇三

中国茶文化英文Chinese_tea_culture[1]

中国茶文化及对中国的影响

Chinese tea culture and the influence on Chinese culture

姓名:王金星专业:年级: 英语语言文学系 EL084

Chinese tea culture

The Chinese people, in their drinking of tea, place much significance on the act of "savoring." "Savoring tea" is not only a way to discern good tea from mediocre tea, but also how people take delight in their reverie and in tea-drinking itself. Snatching a bit of leisure from a busy schedule, making a kettle of strong tea, securing a serene space, and serving and drinking tea by yourself can help banish fatigue and frustration, improve your thinking ability and inspire you with enthusiasm. You may also imbibe it slowly in small sips to appreciate the subtle allure of tea-drinking, until your spirits soar up and up into a sublime aesthetic realm. Buildings, gardens, ornaments and tea sets are the elements that form the ambience for savoring tea. A tranquil, refreshing, comfortable and neat locale is certainly desirable for drinking tea. Chinese gardens are well known in the world and beautiful Chinese landscapes are too numerous to count. Teahouses tucked away in gardens and nestled beside the natural beauty of mountains and rivers are enchanting places of repose for people to rest and recreate themselves.

China is a country with a time-honored civilization and a land of ceremony and decorum. Whenever guests visit, it is necessary to make and serve tea to them. Before serving tea, you may ask them for their preferences as to what kind of tea they fancy and serve them the tea in the most appropriate teacups. In the course of serving tea, the host should take careful note of how much water is remaining in the cups and in the kettle. Usually, if the tea is made in a teacup, boiling water should be added after half of the cup has been consumed; and thus the cup is kept filled so that the tea retains the same bouquet and remains pleasantly warm throughout the entire course of tea-drinking. Snacks, sweets and other dishes may be served at tea time to complement the fragrance of the tea and to allay one’s hunger.

The formation and development of Chinese tea culture

China is the hometown of tea, is the world's first discovery of tea, tea and the use of tea cultivation countries. The origin of tea at least the main Qi Wannian history. Tea was found and the use of human, about Siwuqiannian history.

In accordance with "The Book of Songs" and other relevant documentation, in the pre-history, "Tu" refers to all types of wild plants bitterness of food raw materials. Fresh medical unity in the history of the times, the Zhike tea vegetable oil, the Qing God, Xiaoshi, in addition to Zhang, medical function is to facilitate wait until it is not difficult for people found. However, the general medical practices for the development of an exclusive drink often, there must also be some special factors, namely, real-life people in a particular need. Bashu region, to the multiple for Jiyi "Zhang smoke" land. "Barbarian people living with tea, the lack of will." (Ai Qing weeks of "Zhu Guo Travels" Volume II) is often vulgar Bashu people eating spicy side, thousands of habit, still. It is this natural geographical conditions and the resulting decision of the people's dietary practices, making Bashu people first "JIANCHALING" Apart from taking to Zhang Qi, antipyretic drugs. Jiufu-Xi, a

medicinal purpose gradually Subduction, tea has become a daily drink was. Qin-Ba-Shu, is likely to see this as a daily drink tea customs.

Tea from medicinal drink into a regular habit, the strict sense of "tea" would then have its typical signs that "tea" (cha) the emergence of sound. Guo Pu Note "Yi-release", "Jia": "small trees such as gardenia, Dong-Sheng Ye, can be boiled for soup to drink. As early as today called for the mining, tea, who was admitted late Ming, a Chuan, Shuren of the TU. "Clearly, the Han," Tu "has been specifically beverage word" tea "in pronunciation," tea "from" Tu "isolated, and embarked on the" independence "road of development. But "tea" the emergence of the word is accompanied by the development of the tea things and commercial activities have become increasingly frequent, until later in the Tang Dynasty, is also in line with the new symbol of a people's social life after such a text change in the law.

China will start from the tea, There are different theories about, the Western Han Dynasty, tea drinking has been a matter of the official literature, drinking tea when the starting time earlier than some. Tea appears to cultural characteristics, in the Han, Wei and Jin Dynasty, Northern and Southern Dynasties period.

Tea Culture Broadly speaking, the tea at the natural sciences and humanities tea in terms of both human society is in the process of historical practice of creating and tea-related material and spiritual wealth combined. In a narrow sense, focusing on the human sciences tea, tea mainly refers to the spiritual and social functions. As the science of tea has become an independent system, which now often say the tea culture emphasis on the humanities.

The influence of tea culture on Chinese civilization

1、the three countries before the tea culture of the Enlightenment

Many of the books found that the tea set for 2737-2697 BC, its history can be pushed to Sanhuangwudi. Eastern Han Hua, "The Fresh": "Kucha for food, meaning benefits" of the medical records of the value of tea. Western Han Dynasty tea to the county of origin named "Tu-Ling", that is, Hunan Chaling. To San Guowei generation "-Blair" has the earliest documented the method of tea cakes and drinking: Story of the Pakistani Inter-for cake, pie-old man leaves to a paste of rice. Tea in the form of material and infiltration to other human sciences and the formation of tea culture.{中国茶文化英语作文}.

2、Jin Dynasty, the seeds of the Northern and Southern Dynasties tea culture

With the rise of the literati tea, the tea poetry Gough increasingly available, tea has been out as a general form of eating into the cultural circles, will play the spirit of social role. Jin Dynasty, Northern and Southern Dynasties period, Menfa system has been formed, not only the emperor, nobility amassed a wave of officials and scholars generally proud boast, multi-effect Plaster Liang Hou Wei. In this case, some people of insight to "Yang Lian." Thus, there is satisfied that the land, Huanwen to tea and wine at all. South Qishizuwu emperor is a relatively enlightened emperor, he did not Hei Yu Yan, under Yi Zhao before his death, he said after the funeral to be thrifty as possible, not to Sansheng for offerings, only put more Ganfan, fruit cake and Chafan can. And to "the world Guijian, with such a system." Satisfied that the land, Huanwen, Emperor Wu Qi, where tea is not only refreshing to quench their thirst, it began work

in a community, into a tea hospitality, to worship and that a Kind of spirit and sentiment of the means. Tea has not entirely the use of its natural value used by the people, but entered the spirit of the area.

Wei, Jin and Southern and Northern Dynasties period, the world disorder, all kinds of ideological and cultural exchanges collision, supernaturalism very popular. Metaphysics is the period of the Wei, Jin, a philosophical ideas, mainly糅合Confucian thinking of the Lao Zi and Zhuang Zi-yi. Xuan Xuejia most of the so-called Fellows, the first to the door, the face, the instrument only, Hyun-loving nothingness from the light. Eastern Jin Dynasty, furans North Korea, the affluent Kangnam Scholars to be temporary to meet, hang around all day in Qingshanxiushui between the light winds to continue to develop, resulting in many light home. Initially there are more than idle talk Jiutu home, and later, talk of the wind gradually developed to the general literati. Xuanxue Jia-speech, also general-talk rhetoric. Liquor make people excited, but drinking more would be stricken manner, nonsense, failed Yaguan. The tea-drinking and may be Jingri always clear, it is clear thinking, calm attitude. Moreover, the general terms of the literati, the whole day dealing with Jiurou, of the economy, will not allow. Days, many Xuan Xuejia, talk to wine home from the village. In them, where tea has been treated as a mental phenomenon.

With Buddhism, Taoism up, and have tea and Buddhism, Taoism linked. In Taoism, the tea is to help Lian "inner alchemy" or-down muddy, light-weight-for-bones, Xiu Changshengbulao a good way to the body in Buddhism, the tea is a brooding meditation required of Of the show. Although this has not yet formed a complete religious tea ceremony and the ideological principles set out tea, but tea has been divorced from the diet as a form of state, has significant social, cultural functions, the Chinese tea culture clues.

3、the formation of the Tang Dynasty tea culture

780, Lu Yu, "the tea," tea culture of the Tang Dynasty is a landmark. Tea has summed up its natural and human sciences double content of the tea arts, Confucianism, Taoism, Buddhism into the three tea, the pioneering spirit of the Chinese tea ceremony. After tea and a large number of books, poems tea, "tea in", "JIANCHALING water", "Cai Cha", "16 soups." Tang tea culture and the formation of the Zen on the rise, the benefits of tea is refreshing thought, spermatogenic Zhike function, the temple advocates tea, tea trees planted around the temple, the development of the tea ceremony, a tea appear, the first election of tea, The matter was tea activities. China's Tang Dynasty in the form of tea ceremony at the palace tea, the tea ceremony of the temple, the literati tea ceremony.

4、 the prosperity of the Song Dynasty tea culture

Song tea has been a great development, and promote the development of the tea culture, the literati in a professional Tea Associations, an official of the "social soup", a Buddhist, "1,000 clubs." Song Taizu Zhao Kuangyin tea is a of disabilities, in court and authorities in the establishment of tea things, the court has been using tea grades. Tea-ceremony system has become, thanks to win over Secretary of tea has become the emperor, with relatives an important means, but also give foreign envoys. As for the lower social and vitality of tea culture is more lively, some of movement, the

neighbourhood to "Xiancha" You Ke, to respect the "gold ingot tea", when engaged to "tea", the time of the marriage to "the tea", when roommate "A tea." Cha Doo civil wind, has brought Preparing cooking point of a series of changes.

Since the Yuan Dynasty, the tea culture has entered a period of twists and turns. Song expansion of the tea culture and the social dimension of cultural forms, tea things are booming, but the tea to complicated, trivial, luxury, lost the Tang Dynasty tea culture profound ideological connotation, too delicate tea flooded the spirit of the tea culture, lost Its noble profound nature. In court, nobles, scholars there, drinking tea became a "drink at the child" and "drinking style," and "Play tea."

5、 that the universal culture of Qing-Cha

At this point there has been steaming green, Chaoqing, Hong Qing, and other tea, tea drinking has been changed to "minority bubble", many of the Ming Dynasty scholar Aston handed down the left for, such as snowster "Pengcha picture," " Tea map ", Wen Zhengming's" Huishan tea party "," Lu Yu Pengcha plans, "" Tea plans. " The increase in tea, tea art are different, the style of Tea Ware, texture, pattern Qianzibaitai. Tea exports to the Qing Dynasty has become one of the official sector, the tea, tea, tea countless poems.

6、 the development of modern tea culture

After the founding of New China, China's annual output of tea from 1949 to 7500 T development in 1998, more than 60 million T. Tea a substantial increase in material wealth for the development of China's tea culture to provide a solid foundation in 1982, set up in Hangzhou, the first to promote tea culture for the purpose of social groups - the "tea house", established in 1983 in Hubei " Lu Yu Tea Culture Research Society, "1990" were the Federation of Chinese tea "was set up in Beijing, 1993," the China International Tea Culture Research Society "in the establishment of Island Lake, in 1991 China Tea Museum in Hangzhou West Lake Township officially opened. 1998 China International Tea Cultural Exchange Peace Museum completed. With the rise of tea culture and tea houses throughout the run more. International Tea Culture Symposium has been opened to the fifth sector, has attracted Japan, South Korea, the United States, Sri Lanka and Hong Kong and Taiwan have participated. The main provincial cities and counties in the tea production in the host "Tea Day", such as Fujian's Wuyi Yancha section of the city, Yunnan's Pu'er tea festival, Zhejiang Xinchang, Taishun, Hubei and Britain Hill, the Tea Festival in Xinyang, Henan abound. To have tea as the carrier, to promote comprehensive economic and trade development.

Chinese tea culture and tea culture in Europe and America or Japan, a great difference. Chinese tea culture has a long history, profound, not only contains the material and cultural level, also contains a deep spiritual level. Tea by Lu Yu of the Tang Dynasty in the history of Chinese tea culture and sounded the horn. Since then, the spirit of tea permeates the court and society, into the Chinese poetry, painting, calligraphy, religion, medicine. For thousands of years China has not only accumulated a great deal about tea cultivation, production of material culture, but also accumulated rich spirit of the tea culture, which is unique to China's tea culture, a cultural study areas.

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